For evaluations of all editions and translations from 1864-2015, see Jane Beal, “Materials: Classroom Texts and Instructor’s Library,” in Approaches to Teaching the Middle English Pearl, ed. Jane Beal and Mark Bradshaw Busbee (New York: MLA, 2017), 23-49.
Note that in all entries below with links, the location of the link site is indicated with an abbreviation: AMZ = Amazon.com; CMEPV = Corpus of Medieval English Prose and Verse at the University of Michigan; IA = Internet Archive (free texts in multiple e-forms, including EPUB and Kindle); TEAMS = Middle English Texts Series at University of Rochester; Web = available online as webpage or site.
“Ry3twysly quo con rede,
He loke on bok and be awayed”
Pearl, lines 709-10
British Library Cotton Nero A.x (BL Catalogue Description). Web.
The Cotton Nero A.x Project (hosted by the University of Calgary). Web.
The Pearl Manuscript, with transcription and translation by Malcolm Andrew and Ronald Waldron (The Folio Society, 2016). Print.
Anderson, J. J. and A. C. Cawley, eds. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Pearl, Cleanness, and Patience. Rev. ed. London: Everyman, 1996. Print. AMZ
Andrew, Malcolm, and Ronald Waldron, eds. The Poems of the Pearl Manuscript: Pearl, Cleanness, Patience, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. 5th ed. Exeter, England: U of Exeter P, 2007. Print. AMZ
Chase, Stanley P., ed. “The Pearl”: The Text of the Fourteenth Century English Poem. Bowdoin ed. Ed. Members of the Chaucer Course in Bowdoin College. Boston: Humphries, 1932. Print. Ebay.
Gordon, E. V. and J.R.R. Tolkien, ed. Pearl. New York: Oxford UP, 1953. Print. CMEPV
Morris, Richard, ed. Early English Alliterative Poems in the West-Midland Dialect of the Fourteenth Century. EETS, OS 1. 1864. Rev. ed. New York: Oxford UP, 1869. Print. IA
Putter, Ad and Myra Stokes, eds., The Works of the Gawain-Poet (Penguin Classics, 2014). AMZ
Stanbury, Sarah, ed. Pearl. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute, 2001. Print.
Editions or Translations in Anthologies
Conlee, John, ed., “Pearl,” Middle English Debate Poetry: A Critical Anthology. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State UP, 1991. Print. AMZ
Garbáty, Thomas J., ed., “Pearl,” Medieval English Literature. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland, 1984. Print. AMZ
Mossé, Fernand and James A. Walker, eds. “Description of the New Jerusalem from Pearl.” Handbook of Middle English. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins UP, 1952, 1968, 1991, 2000, 2008. Print. AMZ
Kenneth Sisam and J.R.R. Tolkien, eds., “Lines 361-612 from Pearl,” A Middle English Reader and Vocabulary (1921-22, rpt. 2005). See Tolkien’s Vocabulary. IA
Stone, Brian, trans. Medieval English Verse. New York: Penguin, 1964. Print. (Modern English only). AMZ
Williams, David, ed. and trans. “Pearl,” The Broadview Anthology of British Literature: The Medieval Period, 3rd. edition, BABL Online only (2015), 1-37. BABL Online
Armitage, Simon. Pearl: A New Verse Translation. New York and London: Liveright Publishing Corporation, 2016. Print / ebook. AMZ.
Beal, Jane, ed. and trans. Pearl: A Middle English Edition and Modern English Translation. Peterborough: Broadview, forthcoming. Print.
Crawford, John and Andrew Hoyem, ed. and trans. “The Pearl.” San Francisco: Grabhorn-Hoyem, 1967. Print.
de Ford, Sara, ed. and trans. Anonymous: “The Pearl”. Crofts Classics. New York: AHM, 1967. Print. AMZ
Gollancz, Israel, ed. and trans. “Pearl”: An English Poem of the Fourteenth Century with a Modern Rendering. 1891. Rev. ed. London: Privately Pr., 1897. Print. IA
—, ed. and trans. “Pearl”: An English Poem of the XIVth Century; with a Modern Rendering, Together with Boccaccio’s Olympia. London: Chatto and Windos, 1921. Print. IA
Gould, David, trans. Pearl of Great Price: A Literary Translation of the Middle English Pearl. Lanham, MD: UP of America, 2012. Print. AMZ
Hillmann, Mary Vincent, ed. and trans. “The Pearl”: Mediaeval Text with a Literal Translation and Interpretation. 1961. Rev. ed. Notre Dame, IN: U of Notre Dame P, 1967. Print. See also Hillmann’s Pearl. AMZ
Stanton, Bill, trans. This Being a Translation of in Verse of the Middle English Poem Pearl by an Unknown Poet. York, UK: U of York, 1995. Print.
—. This Being a Translation of in Verse of the Middle English Poem Pearl by an Unknown Poet. W.G. Stanton, 1995. Web.
Watts, Victor, trans. Pearl. Ed. David Fuller and Corinne Saunders. London: Enitharmon, 2005. Print. AMZ
Borroff, Marie, trans. The Gawain Poet: Complete Works; Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Patience, Cleanness, Pearl, Saint Erkenwald. New York: Norton, 2011. Print. AMZ
—, trans. “Pearl”: A New Verse Translation. New York: Norton, 1977. Print.
—, trans. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Patience, and Pearl: Verse Translations. New York: Norton, 2001. Print.
Chase, Stanley P., trans. “The Pearl”: The Fourteenth Century English Poem Rendered in Modern Verse. New York: Oxford UP, 1932. Print.
Coulton, George Gordon, trans. “Pearl”: A Fourteenth-Century Poem. London: David Nutt, 1906. Print. IA
Gardner, John, trans. The Complete Works of the Gawain-Poet: In a Modern English Version with a Critical Introduction. 1965. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1975. Print. AMZ
Jewett, Sophie, trans. “The Pearl”: A Modern Version in the Metre of the Original. New York: Crowell, 1908. Print. IA
Kirtlan, Ernest J. B., trans. “Pearl”: A Poem of Consolation; Rendered into Modern English Verse. London: Kelly, 1918. Print.
Mead, Marian, trans. “The Pearl”: An English Vision-Poem of the Fourteenth Century Done into Modern Verse. Portland, ME: Mosher, 1908. Print. AMZ
Mitchell, S. Weir, Pearl: Rendered into Modern English Verse (Portland, ME: Thomas Bird Mosher, 1908). Print. HathiTrust
Osgood, Charles G., Jr., trans. “The Pearl”: An Anonymous English Poem of the Fourteenth Century, Rendered in Prose. Princeton: Privately printed, 1907. Print.
Stone, Brian, trans. Medieval English Verse. New York: Penguin, 1964. Print. AMZ
Tolkien, J. R. R., trans. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Pearl, and Sir Orfeo. Boston: Houghton, 1975. Print. AMZ
Watson, Giles, trans. Pearl. Lulu Press, 2014. Print.
Weston, Jessie L., trans. Romance, Vision and Satire: English Alliterative Poems of the Fourteenth Century. New York: Houghton, 1912. Print. IA
Williams, Margaret, trans. The Pearl-Poet: His Complete Works. 1967. New York: Vintage, 1970. Print. AMZ
Foreign Language Translations
Dalma, D. trans. “De Pearel”: in Visioen ut it Middel-Ingelsk Oerbrocht yn it Nij-Fysk. Dokkum, Neth.: Kamminga, 1938. Print. (Frisian)
Decker, Otto, trans. “Die Perle”: Das Mittelenglische Gedicht in Freier Metrischer Übertragung. Schwerin, Ger.: Sengebusch, 1916. (German)
Giacherini, Enrico, trans. Perla. 2nd ed. Biblioteca medievale 9. (Parma: Luna Editrice, 1989, 1995). Print.
Guidi, Augusto, trans. 1966. (Italian)
Miyata, Takeshi, trans. “Shiratama: A Japanese Translation of Pearl. Kobe: Konan U Bungakukai, 1954. (complete Japanese translation)
Naruse, Masaiku, ed. and trans., “A Study of the Middle English Pearl, Part I: A Text Newly Edited with Japanese Translation.” JCulS 6 (1971): 133-85, 221-88. (ME text with Japanese translation and textual notes)
Olivero, Federico, ed. and trans. “La Perla”: Poemetto in “Middle English.” Bologna, IT: Zanichelli, 1936. Print. (Italian)
Sekigawa, Sakyo, trans. “Akoyadama: A Japanese Translation of Pearl (Extracts).” An Anthology of English Lyrics. Ed. Konosuke Hinatsu. Tokyo: Kawadeshobo, 1952. Pp. 6-12. (Japanese translation of lines 1-4 and 100-01)
Terasawa, Yoshio, trans. “Shinju: A Japanese Translation of Pearl.” Ancient and Medieval: Anthology of Great Poetry of the World: Ancient and Medieval, Vol. I. Tokyo: Heibon-sha, 1960. Pp. 316-33 (complete Japanese translation)
Eller, Vernard. “A Pearl… For the Brokenhearted: Translated and with a Commentary by Vernard Eller.” The Vernard Eller Collection. House Church Central, n.d. Web.
—. “A Pearl… For the Brokenhearted: Translated and with a Commentary by Vernard Eller.” Washington DC: The UP of America, 1983. Print.
Glossator 9: Pearl (2015).
Zatta, Jane. “Pearl: An Introduction.” The ORB: The Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies. 2000. Web. (currently unavailable)